1913 Federal Reserve Act


1913 Federal Reserve Act
The 1913 U.S. legislation that created the current Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Act intended to establish a form of economic stability through the introduction of the Central Bank, which would be in charge of monetary policy, into the United States. The Federal Reserve Act is perhaps one of the most influential laws concerning the U.S. financial system.

Prior to 1913, panics were common occurrences, as investors were unsure about the safety of their deposits. The Federal Reserve Act gave the 12 Federal Reserve banks the ability to print money in order to ensure economic stability. In addition to this task, the Fed had the power to adjust the discount rate/the fed funds rate and buy & sell U.S. treasuries.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Federal Reserve System — n. A network of twelve central banks established by the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 to oversee a national system of banking, including monitoring the money supply by holding cash reserves and issuing currency for circulation, overseeing the… …   Law dictionary


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